Food Ethics in the Columbia Journalism Review
It’s been nine months since we–Leah Greenstein, and Brooke Burton–created Food Ethics and our controversial Food Blog Code of Ethics. In those months, much has happened here in the world of online food writing and criticism. The Federal Trade Commission has made it punishable by law for big (and little) companies to give money and gifts to bloggers without being transparent about it. One blog offers badges to denote a commitment to honesty and integrity. Blogs that once skirted the issue of freebies and comps, now openly state their affiliations, biases, and disclose freebies.
When we first decided to write our statement of purpose nine months ago—for the sake of being clear on what we stood for in online writing—the topic of ethics in the blogosphere was something that was whispered between online writers. Many had opinions, but few were willing to publish their thoughts on the matter. So, when we decided it was time we write out our five-point manifesto on food blog ethics, our words and point of view caused a lot of controversy. We were shocked at how many people got engaged (and enraged) and suddenly everyone was talking about ethics. In a time when most people were interested in new iPhone apps and the birth of Twitter, we were ecstatic that we were surrounded by people arguing about philosophy. Getting people to think about the effect of their words before they hit PUBLISH was our goal.
So it was with great pleasure that we discovered Food Ethics was mentioned by Robert Seitsema, the author and food critic for the Village Voice in his comprehensive Columbia Journalism Review article, “Everyone Eats…But that doesn’t make you a restaurant critic”. In it, he masterfully charts the history of restaurant reviewing in the United States since the 1970’s and the effect of a handful of people on food writing.
Between mentions of the monumental effect of Criag Claiborne’s reviewers guidelines on food reviewing, how Gael Green’s sexy prose and memoir-style forever changed food writing and how Ruth Reichl shook up reviewing when she made her reviews a “bona fide literary form”—there was a full paragraph dedicated to our Leah and I and our blog, Food Ethics.
According to Seitsema, Craig Claiborne’s “procedural framework” for restaurant reviewing set the stage for generations of food writers and our blog FoodEthics “hedged on many of Claiborne’s principles, but sought to partly maintain them.”
“In the half century since Craig Claiborne developed his reviewing system, the nation’s attitude toward food has changed profoundly. Eating in restaurants has gone from being an infrequent occurrence for most people to being a primary form of entertainment. The marketplace is filled with new food, more food, and more-expensive food, and eating has become a preoccupation for the millions who consider themselves foodies. Many patrons no longer want to become regulars at one or two restaurants—they’d rather sample the vast smorgasbord the city offers, and many consider being the first to reach a new place a preferment. This behavior is creating a boom-and-bust cycle for restaurants, in which novelty and buzz is valued above excellence.”
Thanks to technology and the speed of doing business, things are changing fast. But amongst all of this transformation, Sietsema points out, there still remains a need to maintain ethical guidelines in food writing. Claiborne’s reviewing structure that he created decades ago still remains important to mainstream media. As citizen journalists flood the internet every time they press “publish”, the future of online writing lays in the hands of every man. Progress is important. But it’s integral that we remember the lessons of the past.
If you have a blog, where do you stand now about this issue? Considering that once you hit publish you become a citizen journalist, do you believe you should follow a journalistic code when it comes to reviewing products or businesses?
I am new to the professional venture of food writing, so I am trying to increase my level of professionalism, awareness, and knowledge on all legal parameters involved.
Two of the areas I’ve always been curious about is food photography and photo documentation of food and restaurants in reviews.
Are there any resources where I can learn about specifics regarding legal ways to review eating establishments without breaking any laws or going against any general policies?
For example, I’ve read that in some establishments, such as markets, restaurants, and grocery stores, unless there’s a no-camera policy clearly in view, patrons are free to take pictures of products, for non-commercial use, to later use in on-line food reviews and food writing articles.
But, I also realize how gray and undefined this legal area is. Many on-line food writers and bloggers continue to have questions on what is allowed and not allowed. Not many are clear on the legalities of photo-taking in food writing/blogging, especially as the trend of blogging continues to expand.
[…] didn’t expect anyone else to follow along, and, perhaps most of all, I love how many people talked and blogged and buzzed about their ethics code anyway. This is one example of how social media can create fascinating […]
Great article and one that directs me back to the original reason about why I decided to publish my own food web blog: the lack of trust in some food critics and some bloggers. Many years ago, I used to rely a lot on their scripts to chose restaurant only to face some hidden realities that ended annoying me and forced me into great caution: it started with couple of restaurants where I was not allowed to take photos whilst some food critics and food bloggers were allowed such priviledge. It was a 1st wake up call where I realized that some things were not ticking right under the hood: some were abviously allowed things that others would not. Then things got even easier: many did not even mind hiding their agendas with writings such as ”I walked in the restaurant and they recognized me”” or ”I told the wait staff that I was recommended by a friend who happen to bring them a lot of customers”. I mean, I had no other choice but to find out on my own. As I always remind to my readers: at least, what I’ll get is exactly what you’ll get! I remain anonymous all the way (not even showing up my face on the web so that restaurant staff do not recognize me), ensuring to enjoy an experience that anyone will get.
I agree with Allyson, the camera policies of restaurants can be confusing. For example, am I allowed to upload photos on my blog of a restaurants food or do I have to seek permission first.